Palakkad, also known as Palghat, is a beautiful rural district of Kerala, which has everything required for a rejuvenating holiday. Nestled at the mountain ranges of Western Ghats with its boundless stretches of paddy fields, palm trees, amazing landscapes, unexplored hill stations, historical monuments, dams, gardens, temples and festivals; and above all the helping mentality and hospitality of the people, Palakkad provides an exciting experience to its visitors.
The name ‘Palakkad’ is supposed to be derived from the words “Pala tree” (Alstonia Scholaris), which once occupied here in large numbers; and the word “kadu”, which means “forest”. As per megalithic relics, the history of Palakkad dates back to Paleolithic Age. After hundreds of years of rule by Perumals and subsequent invasion by several South Indian rulers, Palakkad became under the control of Kollengode Raja and Palakkad Raja (Sekhari Varma Raja). In 1757, when Kozhikode Sammoothiri invaded Palakkad, Palakkad Raja sought the help of Mysore Sulthan Hyder Ali. Hyder Ali helped him to defeat the Sammoothiri, but he added Palakkad and many other regions under his reign, which were subsequently ruled by his son Tippu Sultan. Later on, the British defeated Tippu and Palakkad became a part of Malabar District of Madras Presidency, till Indian independence. On January 1, 1957, Malabar district was divided and three districts were formed viz., Palakkad, Kozhikode and Kannur.
With massive rice production, Palakkad has grabbed the title “The Rice Bowl of Kerala”. ‘Palakkad Gap’, a natural pass or depression through the Western Ghats make Palakkad the ‘Gateway to Kerala’, strategically linking it to the neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu. Palakkad Fort, Malampuzha Dam & Garden, Rock Garden, Silent Valley National Park, Nelliyampathy Hills, Kalpathi Temple & Heritage Village, Jain Temple, Mayiladumpara Peacock sanctuary, etc., are some of the popular attractions of Palakkad. Palakkad is famous for its mesmerizing temple festivals like Nemmara Vela, Kalpathi Chariot festival, Manappullikavu Vela, Chittur Kongan Pada, etc. Besides, the city is blessed with amazing classical music tradition and is well known for its unique art forms like Kanniar Kali, Pavakoothu, etc. The best time to visit Palakkad is during winter season between November and February, when the climate is very comfortable.